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Yi Autonomous Administration
Publication time:2010-07-20  | Author:admin

The Yi are one of the big peoples of Southwest China. They are spread in most of Yunnan Province, south of Sichuan and southwest of Guizhou, a continuous territory of poor lands and lofty mountains that that lead to the establishment of the many autonomous administrative entities we show below.


In Sichuan Province


Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture 

Established in 1952 

Surface: 59.000 km2 

Population (1983): 3.230.000 inhabitants. Of them 1.330.000 (41, 1%) were Yi. In year 2000 census the Yi were 1,800,000 (44, 3%) from a total population of 4,1 millions.

Close to the outer world until the 1950s, its said that is in Liangshan where the Yi old traditions are better preserved. Most of the Yi in Liangshan belong to the Nosu branch. There are also people of some small branches living in Liangshan.


Ebian Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1984 

Surface: 2.395 km2 

Population (1983): 120.000 inhabitants. Of them 27.000 are Yi, mainly Nosu branch.


Mabian Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1984 

Surface: 2.374 km2 

Population (1983): 148.000 inhabitants. Of them 48.000 are Yi, mainly Nosu branch.


In Yunnan Province


Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Established in 1958 

Surface: 29.000 km2 

Population (1983): 2.200.000 inhabitants. Of them 570.000 are Yi, belonging to more than fifteen branches, mainly Nasu, Shesu, Gaisu, Chesu and Azhi. The population surpassed 2,500,000 inhabitants in year 2000 census, with 668,000 Yi (26,1%)


Honghe Yi and Hani Autonomous Prefecture

Established in 1957 

Surface: 32.000 km2 

Population (1983): 3.220.000 inhabitants. Of them 724.000 are Yi and 518.000 Hani. Most of the Yi are of the Nasu, Shesu and Gaisu branches. Acording to year 2000 census the population of this prefecture was 4,1 million inhabitants, with 973,000 Yi (23,5%) and 685,000 Hani (16,6%)


Eshan Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1951 

Surface: 1.900 km2 

Population (1983): 120.000 inhabitants. Of them 58.000 are Yi, mainly Chesu branch.


Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County

Established in 1954 

Surface: 3.375 km2 

Population (1983): 80.000 inhabitants. Of them 40.000 are Hani and 10.000 Yi, mainly Nosu branch.


Ninglang Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1956 

Surface: 6.025 km2 

Population (1983): 168.000 inhabitants. Of them 95.000 are Yi, mainly Nosu branch.


Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County

Established in 1956 

Surface: 2.200 km2 

Population (1983): 250.000 inhabitants. Of them 80.000 are Yi, mainly Gaisu and Laluo branches, and 17.000 Hui.


Lunan Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1956 

Surface: 1.700 km2 

Population (1983): 188.000 inhabitants. Of them 56.000 are Yi, mainly Sani branch.


Nanjian Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1965 

Surface: 1.700 km2 

Population (1983): 188.000 inhabitants. Of them 80.000 are Yi.


Xundian Hui and Yi Autonomous County

Established in 1979

Surface: 3.700 km2 

Population (1983): 390.000 inhabitants. Of them 45.000 are Hui and 34.000 Yi, mainly Gepo branch.


Yuanjiang Hani and Yi Autonomous County

Established in 1980 

Surface: 2.275 km2 

Population (1983): 160.000 inhabitants. Of them 58.000 are Hani, 35.000 are Yi and 19.000 are Dai.


Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County

Established in 1980 

Surface: 4.200 km2 

Population (1983): 220.000 inhabitants. Of them 100.000 are Yi (Gaisu and Laluo branches) and 34.000 Dai.


Yangbi Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1985

Surface: 1.800 km2 

Population (1983): 87.000 inhabitants. Of them 33.000 are Yi.

Luquan Yi and Miao Autonomous County

Established in 1985 

Surface: 4.200 km2 

Population (1985): 397.000 inhabitants. Of them 90.000 are Yi (Minqi anf Gebo branches) and 10.000 are Miao.


Puer Hani and Yi Autonomous County

Established in 1985 

Surface: 3.600 km2 

Population (1985): 180.000 inhabitants. Of them 40.000 are Hani and 30.000 Yi, mainly Gaisu and Lami branches.


Jindong Yi Autonomous County 

Established in 1985 

Surface: 4.500 km2 

Population (1983): 320.000 inhabitants. Of them 120.000 are Yi, mainly Lami and Gaisu branches.


Jinggu Dai and Yi Autonomous County

Established in 1985 

Surface: 7.500 km2 

Population (1983): 360.000 inhabitants. Of them 51.000 are Yi (Lami and Gaisu) and 49.000 Dai. 


Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu Autonomous County 

Established in 1990 

Surface: 4.000 km2 

Population (1983): 200.000 inhabitants. Of them 50.000 are Yi (Laluo and Awu), 22.000 Hani and 13.000 Lahu. 


In Guizhou Province


Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County

Established in 1954 

Surface: 6.193 km2 

Population (1983): 760.000 inhabitants. Of them 73.000 are Yi, 57.000 Hui and 49.000 Miao.

Text from:www.ethnic-china.com editor:  |  announcer: beley studio