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Loloish
Publication time:2010-07-17  | Author:HIKING

The Loloish languages, also known as Ngwi or in China as Yi, are a family of perhaps fifty languages of the Tibeto-Burman language family. They are most closely related to Burmese and its relatives.


Internal classification


Loloish is traditionally divided into a northern branch, with Lisu and the numerous Yi languages, and a southern branch, with everything else. However, per Thurgood (2003:8) there is also a central branch, with languages from both northern and southern. Ethnologue (2009) adds a fourth, southeastern branch:


Northern Loloish: Yi languages such as Nuosu, Laghuu, etc.

Central Loloish: Lisu–Lipho, Sani–Axi Yi, Micha (Central) Yi, Lahu, Jinuo, etc.

Southern Loloish: Akha–Hani, Phunoi–Bisu, and ’Ugong (aberrant)

Southeastern Loloish: Phula, Azha, Khlula, Muji, Phowa, Pholo, etc. 

   

The Tujia language is difficult to classify due to massive influence from both Yi and Chinese. However, it may turn out to be a Loloish language. Bai also has numerous connections to Loloish, but its oldest core of vocabulary appears to be Old Chinese, and so it may be a Sinitic rather than Loloish language.

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